Most people see school districts as stable or even permanent governmental entities. School district boundaries, however, do change. Territory is transferred from one school district to another, districts are divided or combined with their neighbors, and some districts are terminated.
The county committee is the local initiator, coordinator, analyst, facilitator, and arbitrator for the reorganization of school districts. It formulates plans, responds to petitions, conducts public hearings, develops and releases information, and analyzes proposals throughout the approval process of a reorganization. For petitions for transfers of territory, where state approval is not required, the county committee gives final approval or disapproval (EC 35709, 35710), subject only to appeal to the State Board of Education. (EC 35710.5, 35711)
The county committee is charged with the duty of studying the school district organization of its county and shall, under the direction of the State Board of Education or pursuant to a petition by local electors, hold hearings and formulate plans and recommendations for the unification, and other reorganization or lapsation of the districts in the county, including, if necessary, a portion of one or more adjacent counties. (EC 35720-35724, 75105 et seq.)